FREEDOM OF INFORMATION
COMMONWEALTH OF VIRGINIA
Exemptions of General Applicability
2.2-3711(A)(1): Personnel. Provides an exemption
Discussion, consideration or interviews
of prospective candidates for employment; assignment, appointment,
promotion, performance, demotion, salaries, disciplining
or resignation of specific public officers, appointees or
employees of any public body; and evaluation of performance
of departments or schools of public institutions of higher
education where such evaluation will necessarily involve
discussion of the performance of specific individuals. Any
teacher shall be permitted to be present during a closed
meeting in which there is a discussion or consideration
of a disciplinary matter that involves the teacher and some
student and the student involved in the matter is present,
provided the teacher makes a written request to be present
to the presiding officer of the appropriate board.
2.2-3711(A)(2): Students. Provides an exemption for:
or consideration of admission or disciplinary matters or
any other matters that would involve the disclosure of information
contained in a scholastic record concerning any student
of any Virginia public institution of higher education or
any state school system. However, any such student, legal
counsel and, if the student is a minor, the student's parents
or legal guardians shall be permitted to be present during
the taking of testimony or presentation of evidence at a
closed meeting, if such student, parents or guardians so
request in writing and such request is submitted to the
presiding officer of the appropriate board.
2.2-3711(A)(3): Acquisition & disposition of property.
Provides an exemption for:
or consideration of the acquisition of real property for
a public purpose, or of the disposition of publicly held
real property, where discussion in an open meeting would
adversely affect the bargaining position or negotiating
strategy of the public body.
2.2-3711(A)(4): Privacy. Provides an exemption for:
protection of the privacy of individuals in personal matters
not related to public business.
2.2-3711(A)(5): Prospective business. Provides an
concerning a prospective business or industry or the expansion
of an existing business or industry where no previous announcement
has been made of the business' or industry's interest in
locating or expanding its facilities in the community.
2.2-3711(A)(6): Investment of public funds. Provides
an exemption for:
or consideration of the investment of public funds where
competition or bargaining is involved, where, if made public
initially, the financial interest of the governmental unit
would be adversely affected.
2.2-3711(A)(7): Legal advice. Provides an exemption
with legal counsel and briefings by staff members or consultants
pertaining to actual or probable litigation, where such
consultation or briefing in open meeting would adversely
affect the negotiating or litigating posture of the public
body; and consultation with legal counsel employed or retained
by a public body regarding specific legal matters requiring
the provision of legal advice by such counsel. For the purposes
of this subdivision, "probable litigation" means
litigation that has been specifically threatened or on which
the public body or its legal counsel has a reasonable basis
to believe will be commenced by or against a known party.
Nothing in this subdivision shall be construed to permit
the closure of a meeting merely because an attorney representing
the public body is in attendance or is consulted on a matter.
2.2-3711(A)(11): Tests & exams. Provides an exemption
or consideration of tests, examinations, or other records
excluded from this chapter pursuant to subdivision 4 of
2.2-3711(A)(15): Medical. Provides an exemption for:
or consideration of medical and mental records excluded
from this chapter pursuant to subdivision 1 of § 2.2-3705.5.
2.2-3711(A)(19): Public safety. Provides an exemption
of plans to protect public safety as it relates to terrorist
activity and briefings by staff members, legal counsel,
or law-enforcement or emergency service officials concerning
actions taken to respond to such activity or a related threat
to public safety; or discussion of reports or plans related
to the security of any governmental facility, building or
structure, or the safety of persons using such facility,
building or structure.
2.2-3711(A)(29). Contracts. Provides an exemption
of the award of a public contract involving the expenditure
of public funds, including interviews of bidders or offerors,
and discussion of the terms or scope of such contract, where
discussion in an open session would adversely affect the
bargaining position or negotiating strategy of the public